Friedrich Küpper is a German painter of the 19th century born in 1830, died around 1883, war resident in Düsseldorf.
This portrait of the Emperor dates from before 1883.
For memory :
Frederick III (in German: Friedrich III.), by his full name Frédéric Guillaume Nicolas Charles de Hohenzollern, was born on October 18, 1831 in Potsdam in Prussia and died on June 15, 1888 in the same city. Reigning from March 9, 1888 to June 15 of the same year, he was the eighth king of Prussia and the second German emperor (Deutscher Kaiser).
Coming from the very conservative and militaristic House of Hohenzollern, Prince Frederic acquired liberal ideas as he grew up, which came to him in part from his mother Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. After studies combining both military training and liberal arts, the young man married, in 1858, Princess Royal Victoria of the United Kingdom, who reinforced him in his progressive ideas. Gradually, the prince distanced himself from his father, King William I of Prussia, and especially from the head of his government, the Minister-President of Prussia Otto von Bismarck, who distrusted him. Although heir to the throne, the prince was then excluded from political affairs and confined to an essentially representative role.
Shocked by the Bismarckian policy of « blood and iron », the Kronprinz Frédéric is no less eager to unify Germany and make it a great nation in Europe. Although opposed to war, he nevertheless distinguished himself in the conflicts triggered by his country in the years 1860-1870: War of the Duchies (1864), Austro-Prussian War (1866) and Franco-German War (1870). ) during which he stands out for his humanity. But, despite his military glories, the Kronprinz continued to be removed from power by his father, a king subject to his minister. Moreover, the proclamation of the German Empire in 1871 was not accompanied by any political promotion for him.
Having remained heir to the throne for twenty-seven years, Frederick finally succeeded his father as King of Prussia and German Emperor on March 9, 1888. But he was then stricken with advanced laryngeal cancer and died after only 99 days of reign, this which prevents him from carrying out the reforms he had dreamed of.
For this portrait of Emperor Frederick III we can recognize the following decorations.
- Order of the Black Eagle of Prussia (plate and large orange cord)
- Military Order Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves for Exceptional Deed (Prussia)
- Royal Order of Hohenzollern Commander
- Iron Cross for the War of 1870 2nd Class
- Order of the Red Eagle (Prussia) knight’s cross awarded for acts of war suspended from the ribbon of the Iron Cross
- Royal Order of Hohenzollern Knight’s Cross
We also see 2 round medalists. Probably military commemorative medals, like the commemorative medal of the war of 1870, where he played an important part. But difficult to define, because unfortunately we do not have enough details.
Very good state. Original frame, restored.