Portrait of a young woman called Caroline Hofer 1798-1869 XIX ° century Miniature on ivory
This young woman wears a delicate blue dress with puffed sleeves, and her hair is ringlet circa 1840.
This is the fashion around 1840:
Under the English influence, the female silhouette is simplified: During the day, we eliminate too conspicuous accessories to keep only the essentials, giving the whole an austere appearance. With a narrow, hooked bust, a plain dress of light or dark color, encased in a shawl-pelerine, hiding her pallid complexion under a large greatcoat, the fashionable woman now fades away in society under the influence of cant. We wear either flat headbands or « English », corkscrews of hair falling on the shoulders. In the evening, we wear a large neckline, ruffles and lace ribbons on the puffy horsehair skirt, flowers and jewels galore. The hat is in the shape of a hood flared from the bottom to drop the long « English » curls then the hood becomes more and more tight on the cheeks. Flat headbands are then fashionable; at home, women wear small lingerie caps adorned with lace and ribbons.
For memory :
The miniature portrait is the art of reproducing the portrait of a person on a small surface. He can decorate personal objects (ring, bracelet, snuffbox, dance card, etc.) and use different mediums and painting and drawing techniques. This art appears around 1520.
The miniature is offered as a testimony of love or friendship. Historically, miniature painters have played on the ambiguous definition of their art, by fashion or to escape the constraints of corporations. Their works are rarely signed.
It is only around 1700 that the ivory sheet appears in the history of the miniature. Its use was introduced by the Venetian Rosalba Carriera (1673-1757), known for her vaporous pastels. The qualities of the new support are quickly appreciated in several European countries (England, Netherlands, Germany). The light tones exploit the transparencies of the watercolor to bring out the whiteness of the eburnian support. French miniaturists continued to prefer vellum until after the arrival in France of Pierre Adolphe Hall (1739-1793), a miniaturist of Swedish origin who settled in Paris in 1766 and revolutionized the art of miniature in France. by the systematic use of ivory. This new medium dominates production at the end of the 18th and throughout the 19th century.
Diameter = 7