Covered jar in gilded and silvered bronze decorated with putti in relief. Lid surmounted by a heron. Victor PAILLARD (1805-1886). VP hallmark on the edge., White onyx base
Victor Paillard, bronzier and sculptor, was born in the Eure on 23 Brumaire, year XIV (1805). At 11, he entered the protection of a Spanish painter, the Count of Guzman. The latter takes him with him to Paris to help him in the preparation of colors. In 1828, Victor Paillard joined Jean-François Denière, bronzier and chaser. It is with him that he will be able to learn this trade, while following the evening classes of Chenavard and the carver Martinot. In 1835, Paillard founded his own house of art bronzes and furnishings at 3 rue de la Perle. He first made small bronzes (paperweights, paperweights, etc.) then extended his production to clocks, groups, statuettes, lamps, chandeliers and candelabra around 1836 when he joined the Meeting of Manufacturers. He exhibited for the first time at the Exposition des Produits de l’Industrie in 1839, where he presented two large candelabra, a clock with the figure of the Virgin of the Goldfinch and a small clock with caryatids in molten gold, the latter after a model of Feuchère. The Jury then awarded him a silver medal, as at the 1844 exhibition. On this occasion, the critics praised Victor Paillard: « Good taste, respect for the work of the master sculptor, perfect execution, make Victor Paillard a remarkable manufacturer and an artist of merit”. Indeed, Victor Paillard is a true artist since he is the author of a good number of models, many of which represent young children and loves which he then executes in bronze. His fame will be such that he will be appointed President of the Meeting of Bronze Manufacturers.
At the 1849 exhibition, he won the gold medal. For the 1851 World’s Fair in London, he directed the casting of the colossal statue of the seated Queen Victoria, executed in bronze and zinc after Dantan the Younger. Subsequently, his production took a new turn: he was in charge of two hundred workers and began to produce more than four hundred models. In 1855, he was appointed member of the Jury of the Universal Exhibition of 1855 which took place in Paris. His fame then goes beyond borders since he is called to Belgium, Austria and especially to Russia where he works for Baron Alexander von Stieglitz. He also received several official commissions, notably for the decoration of the Palace of Foreign Affairs at the Quai d’Orsay: he made the clock, the bronzes for the fireplace and the four chandeliers with chimeras and groups of children in the Salon de l’Horloge , the large Renaissance-style chandelier with children and arabesques in the Salon du Congrès and many other creations. Critics praise it again: “What distinguishes all of Mr. Victor Paillard’s workmanship is the singularly remarkable harmony of each of the parts that make up an entire piece. In addition to the fact that his models are always of excellent choice and pure taste, the carving is very fine, entrusted as it is to sculptors and carvers such as MM. Hayet, Moreau, Faniere, Sauvageot, Combettes; the frame is very neat, the ornamentation irreproachable. Mr. Paillard is himself his surest decorator and his best workman. He is not one of those manufacturers who, having never handled a pencil in their life, do not hesitate to sign works that are completely foreign to them, he highlights his collaborators, but he wants them to be devoted and conscientious as himself ».
In 1868, he joined forces with Louis-Alexandre-Adolphe Romain. They exhibited together at the Universal Exhibition in Vienna under the name of « Paillard and Romain ». Paillard retired from business some time later and left the House to Romain who was unable to maintain the activity and closed in 1879. Victor Paillard died in 1886 in Paris after having been Mayor of the IIIrd arrondissement of Paris.